Udara fruit, (scientifically known as Chrysophyllum albidum, commonly known as white star apple) is a forest fruit tree described by the Scottish botanist George Don. It is commonly found throughout tropical Africa. Amongst the Yoruba tribes of Nigeria, it is called Agbalumo while called Udala in the eastern and southern parts of Nigeria. It is closely related to the African star apple (Chrysophyllum africanum) which is also common throughout West Africa.
Some schools of thought feel that they may just be a variety of the same species. Also in the family is the (purple) star apple (Chrysophyllum cainito). The Chrysophyllum genus of plants consists of almost 80 different species of fruits all exclusively grown within the tropical region. African star apple (Udara) is a very popular fruit here in Nigeria. Its fleshy pulp is often eaten as a snack and it is equally common in both the urban and rural areas, particularly around Southern Nigeria. The African star apple is more commonly known as Agbalumo in Yoruba and Udara in Igbo. Just like every other fruit offered by nature, it has some wonderful health benefits.
- Studies have shown that a serving of Udara contains just 67 calories; thus making it a good option for people with weight issues as they get fewer calories intake in the process of consuming it.
- It contains a high Vitamin C content i.e. 100g of the fruit gives about 25mg of vitamin C. This helps protect the body against immune system deficiencies, cardiovascular disease, prenatal health problems, eye disease, and even skin wrinkling.
- It is also helpful in maintaining the healthiness of your gum, preventing sprue and gum disease.
- The acidic taste of Agbalumo help prevents the urge of vomiting during pregnancy. However, they should consult their doctors on antenatal diet.
- The sweet and sour taste of agbalumo acts as a natural remedy for common issues such as constipation, toothache sore throat, and indigestion.
- Herbal practitioners are also known to use the bark of the tree to treat yellow fever and malaria, while the leaves are useful for treating wounds, stomachache, and diarrhea.Note: The leaves have been proven to be toxic when taken in excess quantities.