Langsat (Seedling) Fruit Plant


Propagation Method Seedling
Maturity Duration 3.5 to 5 years
Blooming Season April to September
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The fruit is always eaten fresh by squeezing it until the skin splits, and then the arils, which may have or without seeds, are freed from their segments.

A somewhat less edible fruit of the family Meliaceae, the langsat, Lansium domesticum Corr., is also known as lansa, langseh, langsep, lanzon, lanzone, lansone, or kokosan, and by various other names in the dialects of the Old World tropics. The tree is erect, short-trunked, slender or spreading; reaching 35 to 50 ft (10.5 to 15 m) in height, with red-brown or yellow-brown, furrowed bark. Its leaves are pinnate, 9 to 20 in (22.5-50 cm) long, with 5 to 7 alternate leaflets, obovate or elliptic-oblong, pointed at both ends, 2 3/4 to 8 in (7-20 cm) long, slightly leathery, dark-green and glossy on the upper surface, paler and dull beneath, and with prominent midrib. Small, white or pale-yellow, fleshy, mostly bisexual, flowers are home in simple or branched racemes which may be solitary or in hairy clusters on the trunk and oldest branches, at first standing erect and finally pendant, and 4 to 12 in (10-30 cm) in length. The fruit, borne 2 to 30 in a cluster, is oval, ovoid-oblong or nearly round, 1 to 2 in (2.5-5 cm) in diameter, and has light grayish-yellow to pale brownish or pink, velvety skin, leathery, thin or thick, and containing milky latex. There are 5 or 6 segments of aromatic, white, translucent, juicy flesh (arils), acid to subacid in flavor. Seeds, which adhere more or less to the flesh, are usually present in 1 to 3 of the segments. They are green, relatively large–3/4 to 1 in (2-2.5 cm) long and 1/2 to 3/4 in (1.25-2 cm) wide, very bitter, and sometimes, if the flesh clings tightly to the seed, it may acquire some of its bitterness.

Lanzones is commonly propagated from seed or from wildlings which naturally grow under the trees. Only large seeds should be used to ensure high seedling vigor. These seeds are better sown immediately because they are recalcitrant just like other members of the family Meliaceae. Initial seedling growth is very slow. It may take 10-18 months or more for the seedling to reach pencil size or grafting size. It can also be propagated by softwood cuttings, air layering or marcotting, budding, and the more preferred grafting (veneer, cleft and suckle grafting).

Young trees are provided with shade and watered regularly during the first few years. The main stem of the upright langsat types may be cut back 80-100 cm from the ground and the emerging branches trained horizontally. In older trees, only watersprouts and diseased branches may be pruned. Weeding and mulching should be practiced regularly.Irrigation can advance the flowering of lanzones by one or two months if the floral initials have emerged during the preceding dry months. Regular supply of water to fruiting trees is especially important during drought. A dry period during fruit development stage may cause crop losses due to fruit cracking when water becomes suddenly available.

The bark borers are the most common insect pests of lanzones. The caterpillars of the carpenter moth (Cossus sp.) and the green moth (Prasinoxema sp.) cause the scraggy appearance of the dead branches. Control of these pests include the scraping of the affected branches and painting with insecticides. Other borers affect the trunk, fruit and twigs. Other insect pests are scales, mites, leaf miners, leaf rollers, beetles and bugs. Bats, birds and rodents may also cause reduction in fruit yield. Control practices include covering of the fruit bunches with nylon bags and using torches at night. The serious diseases of lanzones are the root rot and anthracnose. It is not clear what pathogen causes root rot. Anthracnose (Colletotrichum gloeosporioides) appear as brownish spots on the fruit bunch. It can cause premature fruit drop and lead to post-harvest losses.

Fruit bunches with 90% or more ripe fruits are harvested by cutting the fruit stalk with a sharp knife or with a pruning shear. This is preferably done in the afternoon where flow of latex is slow. The point of attachment of the bunch with the tree should not be injured because this is where the next inflorescences may arise. Fruit is ripe when its color changes from brown to yellow. Complete harvesting of a lanzones tree may take 4 to 5 repetitions. Generally the fruits in a bunch ripen at the same time but there are some cases of uneven ripening which poses a problem. The fruits should be harvested dry.

Recommended plant-to-plant distance vary, from 8 m x 8 m in the Philippines to 12 m x 12 m for the longkong types in southern Thailand. There is a report, however, that longkong trees can be grown 6 meters apart in the Philippines (Sarian, 2010). Outplanting is preferably done at the onset and just before the end of the rainy season. But in places with well distributed rainfall or where irrigation is available, planting can be done any time. Planting holes may be 50 cm wide and deep. 5 kg of farm manure and 100 gm of complete fertilizer are deposited at the bottom and covered with a layer of soil before planting. When the seedling is set in, the hole is refilled with topsoil and watered immediately.


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Frequently Asked Questions
I received a damaged product/plant

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Plant dullness or leaf drop due to transit

Occasionally, plants may experience a temporary dullness or leaf drop during transportation due to factors such as insufficient sunlight and water.

Kindly follow our plant care instructions and closely monitor its condition for the next 15-20 days. This period will allow the plant to rejuvenate and regain its strength, returning to a healthy state.

Right time to re-plant after delivery

Immediate repotting or re-planting of delivered plants can induce stress on them.

We recommend maintaining the plants in the original bag upon receipt and consistently watering them for the initial two weeks. Additionally, place the plants in an area with 50% sunlight during this period. After the plants have acclimated to your climate and achieved stability, you may proceed to repot them into larger containers or directly into the field.

Why Cash on Delivery not available?

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All India Delivery

Sit back, Relax, and enjoy the convenience of our all-India free shipping service.

Dispatch in 3 Days

This short time allows us to ensure each plant is carefully inspected, packaged, and ready for its journey to you.

Doorstep Plant Delivery

Our delivery service ensures that your chosen plants arrive fresh and ready to thrive in your home.

Safe & Secure Packing

We take utmost care in ensuring that each plant is expertly nestled in eco-friendly packaging.