Garcinia cowa, commonly known as cowa fruit or cowa mangosteen is an evergreen plant with edible fruit native to Asia, India, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Malaysia, Vietnam, Laos, Cambodia, Southwest China. The tree is harvested from the wild for its edible fruits and leaves, which are used locally. Flowers are yellow, male & female flowers are separated.
Garcinia cowa benefits:
- Used in local folk medicine in Thailand.
- The bark is used as an antipyretic and antimicrobial & the latex as an antipuretic, the fruits and leaves to improve blood circulation, as an expectorant for coughs and indigestion, and a laxative. The roots are believed to relieve fevers, and in East India, sun-dried slices of the fruit have been used as a treatment for dysentery.
- Studies have found that the bark contains five xanthones with anti-malarial properties in vitro against Plasmodium falciparum
- The bark is also used to produce a yellow dye for clothes. The gum resin is used in varnishes.
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