Durian Fruit – The fruit rich in nutrients!!
The Durian(Durio zibethinus ) is the fruit of several tree species belonging to the genus Durio. The name “durian” is derived from the Malay-Indonesian languages word for duri or “spike”, a reference to the numerous spike protuberances of the fruit, together with the noun-building suffix -an. The durian fruits are ovoid to ellipsoid, large, weighing up to 5 kg with a thorny surface like jack and normally olive green in color. People have strong like or dislike for this fruit. Many like it, because of its sweet, delicious, and filling taste, while others dislike it for its highly objectionable odor. The penetrating odor is comparable to that of rotten onion ad is unacceptable to many. However, once the odor barrier is overcome by a strong determination, the experience of eating a good durian is never forgotten. Durian seeds are small, round to oval shape kernels, and appear like that of jackfruit seeds. Although boiled seeds can be eaten safely, many discard them. The seeds feature a bland taste akin to jackfruit seeds.
MAINTENANCE OF THE PLANTATION
Once a plantation has been established, the work should not be considered finished. It will be necessary, for example, to protect the plantation against weather, fire, insects and fungi, and animals. A variety of cultural treatments also may be required to meet the purpose of the plantation.
Newly planted trees should be fertilized lightly once or twice during the first year, then about 3 to 4 times a year after that. A packaged citrus fertilizer or other common mixes include 6-6-6-2 or 8-3-9-2
WATERING AND WEED CONTROL
Young durian trees should be watered regularly until fully established. In dry western climates, water mature trees deeply at least every one or two weeks. Desert gardeners may have to water more frequently. Mulch the soil around the trees to conserve moisture. Weeding is also very important. Remove all weeds 1.5 meters around the plant
PRUNING AND SHAPE OF TREE
Proper pruning is one of the least considered activities but should be made an integral practice in growing durian. Formative pruning is practiced during the first years following planting. This is done by removing excess trunks, upright branches, and watershoots, as well as thinning of the horizontal branches. Only a single trunk should be allowed to develop. Removal of excess branches will favor maximum penetration of sunlight and promote air circulation.
PEST & DISEASE DURIAN FRUIT TREES
Every fruit tree has the future potential for disease and insect damage. Factors such as location and weather will play a part in which issues your tree encounters. If available, disease-resistant trees are the best option for easy care; and for all trees, proper maintenance (such as watering, fertilizing, pruning, spraying, weeding, and fall cleanup) can help keep most insects and diseases at bay.
HARVESTING YOUR DURIAN FRUIT
Durian approximately 125-135 days after flower bloom, type change approximately 110-116 days after anthesis. Durian fruit ripeness perfect experience 4 months after anthesis. Left quotation based on physical signs, such as tip spines dark brown, the lines more clearly between the thorns, the fruit stalks are soft and easily bent, the joints swell the fruit stalk, smells wonderful. How to harvest by picking the fruit on the tree or cut with a knife. The part that is cut is the fruit stalk near the base of the stem and try the durian is not until the fall due to reduced fruit quality.
1. Prioritize your tree planting with the sun’s direction to maximize shade by planting on the southwestern and western sides of your home
2. Trees of durian grow on different types of soils with 5-6.5 p H, provided they are moist, well-aerated, and rich in organic matter. Deep silt or loams with good drainage and high level of fertility are ideal for its cultivation.
3. Planting can be taken up at 10-12 m spacing on the square system.
4. For Commercial Plantation, the planting distance for fence/ hedge should be 1-1.5 m, requiring 300-400 plants for planting along the boundary of the one-hectare field. If an exclusive planting is to be raised, a planting distance of 2 m x 2 m should be enough.
5. In a home garden generally we are planting one or two durian trees along with other species of fruit plants. So it is better to keep a minimum of 3 meter distance from other plants to plant a durian tree.
6. 100% sunlight is best but can grow up to 50 % shade
7. During dry weather, initially water the plant once in two days, and after one month of planting water every 7 to 10 days during the first year.
8. Do not use chemical fertilizer or any other chemicals on your newly planted trees. Such products will kill your young trees. If needed you can add chemical fertilizers in small quantity (generally below 100gm) after two to three months of planting with sufficient irrigation.
9. Do not overwater or allow rainwater so much that you see standing water in the pit area of the plant. It will damage the plant’s roots and results in the die of your plant.
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