Jackfruit bulbs have a unique flavor and sweet taste.
Jackfruit Fruit Plant
The jackfruit (Artocarpus heterophyllus), also known as jack tree, jackfruit, or sometimes simply jack or jak, is a species of tree in the fig, mulberry, and breadfruit family (Moraceae). The jackfruit tree is well suited to tropical lowlands, and its fruit is the largest tree-borne fruit, reaching as much as 35 kg (80 lb) in weight, 90 cm (35 in) in length, and 50 cm (20 in) in diameter. The jackfruit tree can produce about 100 to 200 fruits in a year. The jackfruit is multiple fruits, composed of hundreds to thousands of individual flowers, and it is the fleshy petals that are eaten.
Ripe jackfruit is naturally sweet, with subtle flavoring. It can be used to make a variety of dishes, including custards, cakes, etc…
HEALTH BENEFITS OF JACKFRUIT
Jackfruit is known as the jack of all fruits. It is a rich source of vitamins, minerals, phytonutrients, carbohydrates, electrolytes, fiber, fat, and protein. This fruit also contains calorie but no cholesterol or saturated fats. Consume jackfruit for the best taste, nutrition, and its many health benefits.
MAINTENANCE OF THE PLANTATION
Once a plantation has been established, the work should not be considered finished. It will be necessary, for example, to protect the plantation against weather, fire, insects and fungi, and animals. A variety of cultural treatments also may be required to meet the purpose of the plantation.
Fertilize your growing jackfruit tree with nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, and magnesium applied in a ratio of 8:4:2:1 to 30 grams per tree at six months of age and doubling every six months up to two years of age. Past the two year mark, growing jackfruit trees should get 1 kg. per tree in the amount of 4:2:4:1 and is applied before and at the end of the wet season.
WATERING AND WEED CONTROL
Young jackfruit trees should be watered regularly until fully established. In dry western climates, water mature trees deeply at least every one or two weeks. Desert gardeners may have to water more frequently. Mulch the soil around the trees to conserve moisture. Weeding is also very important. Remove all weeds 1.5 meters around the plant.
PRUNING AND SHAPE OF TREE
The height of jackfruit, especially those raised from seed, can be regulated by cutting the main trunk about 2-3 meters from the ground. Early cutback of the main trunk can also be done to induce the production of branches, allowing 4 or 5 branches to develop which are evenly distributed when viewed from the top. Properly trained, jackfruit grows with an open center which allows better light penetration. Weak, dead, diseased, and overlapping branches should be removed. This is to promote light penetration and air movement and to prevent the build-up of insect pests and disease pathogen populations. Branches are also removed if they hinder access to the fruits during wrapping and harvesting.
PEST & DISEASE FOR JACKFRUIT TREES
Every fruit tree has the future potential for disease and insect damage. Factors such as location and weather will play a part in which issues your tree encounters. If available, disease-resistant trees are the best option for easy care; and for all trees, proper maintenance (such as watering, fertilizing, pruning, spraying, weeding, and fall cleanup) can help keep most insects and diseases at bay.
HARVESTING YOUR JACKFRUIT
Within three to six years after planting, the jack tree starts to flower and in two-three months after blossoming, young and unripe green skinned fruits are ready to be picked as a vegetable. Mature fruits are ready to harvest after four-five months of flowering when they exude sweet aroma and their skin turns from green to yellowish tinge.