Common Name : Cucumber, Vellarikka
Scientific name : Cucumis sativus
Cucumber is a widely-cultivated creeping vine plant in the Cucurbitaceae gourd family that bears cucumiform fruits, which are used as vegetables. There are two types of cucumber plants: vining cucumbers and bush cucumbers. Vining cucumbers grow on vigorous vines shaded by large leaves. Bush cucumbers, however, are nicely suited to containers and small gardens.
- All that water in cucumbers can help keep you hydrated. Plus, the fiber boost they give you helps you stay regular and avoid constipation.
- The vitamin K helps blood clot and keep your bones healthy. Vitamin A has many jobs, like helping with vision, the immune system, and reproduction.
- Antioxidants such as beta carotene in cucumbers can help fight free radicals in your body, unpaired electrons that damage cells and can lead to disease.
- Cucumbers may also have health benefits outside your body.
- Select a site with full sunlight.
- The main care requirement for cucumbers is water—consistent watering!
- Cucumbers need warmth and lots of light.
- Water slowly in the morning or early afternoon, avoiding the leaves so that you don’t encourage leaf diseases that can ruin the plant.
- Cucumbers require fertile soil. Mix in compost or aged manure before planting to a depth of 2 inches and work into the soil 6 to 8 inches deep.
- Make sure that soil is moist and well-drained, not soggy and compacted.
- Soil should be neutral or slightly acidic with a pH of around 6.5 to 7.0.
- use a liquid fertilizer from your garden store such as vegetable plant food which is low nitrogen/high potassium and phosphorus formula.
- Don’t let cucumbers get too large or they will taste bitter.
- Improve clay soil by adding organic matter.
- Plant seeds 1 inch deep and about 2 to 3 feet apart in a row.
- If plant in the cooler climates, you can help warm the soil by covering the hill or row with black plastic.