Ancient fruit commonly called as “Butter Fruit” in India which is a good source of nutrients!!
The Avocado (Persea americana), a tree likely originating from south-central Mexico, is classified as a member of the flowering plant family Lauraceae. The fruit of the plant also called an avocado (or avocado pear or alligator pear), is botanically a large berry containing a single large seed. Avocados are commercially valuable and are cultivated in tropical and Mediterranean climates throughout the world. They have a green-skinned, fleshy body that may be pear-shaped, egg-shaped, or spherical. Commercially, they ripen after harvesting. Avocado trees are partially self-pollinating and are often propagated through grafting to maintain predictable fruit quality and quantity. In 2017, Mexico produced 34% of the world supply of avocados. Avocado is the most nutritive among fruits and is regarded as the most important contribution of the New World to the human diet. The fruit is relished by some people, but not by others. The pulp is rich in proteins (up to 4%) and fat (up to 30%), but low in carbohydrates. The fat is similar to olive oil in composition and is widely used in the preparation of cosmetics. Avocados have the highest energy value (245 cal/100 g) of any fruit besides being a reservoir of several vitamins and minerals
MAINTENANCE OF THE PLANTATION
Avocado Trees boast no-fuss maintenance, but proper care prepares them for a lush life. Your tropical fruit will need frequent, deep watering once or twice a week, with enough time between watering to let the soil dry out a bit. Avoid fertilizing trees in their first year, because fertilizer can burn the roots and cause damage. The only time you will need to prune your tree is during late winter or early spring to get rid of deadwood. If you want to maintain a certain height, trim your tree lightly by cutting the tallest, protruding branch off the tree.
Fertilize your young avocado trees with ½ to 1 pound of actual nitrogen per tree per year. You can spread it out over several applications as long as it totals ½ to 1 pound of nitrogen. The other important nutrient for avocado trees is zinc. Ordinary home fertilizer for houseplants will normally work. Avoid fertilizing trees in their first year, because fertilizer can burn the roots and cause damage.
WATERING AND WEED CONTROL
Complete control of weeds can be done by means of chemical or oil sprays with the formation of natural leaf mulch. Weeds require the same nutrients as other plants. Weedy species feed aggressively, competing for nutrients needed by the trees. When the top growth of annuals is killed, re-growth from the roots does not occur; therefore, the basis of a program for the control of annuals is to destroy top growth before seeds are set. The same principle also applies to the control of perennials but with the additional, and more difficult, problem of destroying resistant underground plant parts.
PRUNING AND SHAPE OF TREE
Always prune with a purpose and avoid under- or over-pruning the avocado trees. Also, remember that what works for one tree may not work for another tree — pruning should be done on a case-by-case basis as no two avocado trees are the same. Basic shaping of avocado trees should start in the nursery, while training should begin immediately following planting. This is especially important when training for the central-leader shape. Remember that avocado trees tend to be broad-spreading trees with only moderate apical dominance. Before pruning, picture what you want the avocado tree to look like now and in 2, 5, 10, and 15 years.
HARVESTING YOUR AVOCADO
Hass Avocados are ready to harvest as early as February, and their harvest can extend as late as September. By contrast, Cold Hardy Avocados usually ripen between November and March. Avocados have to be harvested by hand, by the way. If you do not pick the fruit, they will not fall off the tree and will never ripen. Avocado Trees can be used as a sort of storage unit for your delicious fruit for as long as eight months. The longer the fruit stays on the tree, the richer the taste – just don’t leave them on too long.
1. Prioritize your tree planting with the sun’s direction to maximize shade by planting on the southwestern and western sides of your home
2. Plenty of sun exposure and well-drained soil is needed
3. Incorporate plenty of organic matter into the soil and check the soil for porosity. If you have soil that doesn’t drain well, work in sand or other gritty matter to increase its drainage.
5. 100% sunlight is best but can grow up to 50 % shade
6. During dry weather, initially water the plant once in two days, and after one month of planting water every 7 to 10 days during the first year.
7. Do not use chemical fertilizer or any other chemicals on your newly planted trees. Such products will kill your young trees. If needed you can add chemical fertilizers in small quantity (generally below 100gm) after two to three months of planting with sufficient irrigation.
8. Do not overwater or allow rainwater so much that you see standing water in the pit area of the plant. It will damage the plant’s roots and results in the die of your plant.
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