Miyazaki mango is one of the expensive mango varieties in the world. This is also called Taiyo no Tomago or the egg of the sun due to its egg shape and bright red colour. It has sweet orange flesh inside and melts when it is put in the mouth. Miyazaki, is a variety of the Irwin mangoes cultivar. It has special traits to the variety which can be seen because of the peculiar climatic conditions of the city of Miyazaki, Japan. The sub-tropical climate, abundant sunlight as well as rainfall, help mangoes to get the desired qualities.
In 2019, two Miyazaki mangoes are sold in an auction for 2.70 lakhs rupees. But the story of the mango does not have a pleasant start when the farmers planted their first Miyazaki mangoes in the 1980s. Black colour on the mango skin and taste were challenges that the farmers faced. Later, they found out that mangoes that naturally fall from the trees have more sweetness and aroma than those that are manually harvested. By the start of the second half of the 1980s, they started net-harvesting which made it easy to harvest.
Miyazaki mangoes traits
Mango which weighs 350 grams, red in colour and has an egg shape, has more value in the international market. The mango variety is well known for its sugar content, more than other mango varieties, 15%. The content of folic acids, beta carotene and antioxidants are higher than the other varieties. April- August is the normal harvesting time for the mango. When the climate falls below 15 degrees, the fruiting capacity will be affected. In such places where the climate falls below 15 degrees, it is recommended to grow mango trees in a greenhouse.
To get equal rich red colour all around the mango, they lay kinds of reflective sheets on the soil, so, when the sunlight falls on the sheet it would reflect on the downside of the mango. After harvesting, farmers once again check the weight and taste of the mango. Mangoes that are under 350 grams and does not have the proper colour and sugar content are omitted from the open and international market. Since they are shipped after fully ripened, they are packed individually with utmost caution.
Where are the mangoes harvested?
Though Miyazaki mangoes are born in Japan, nowadays it is widely cultivated in Thailand, India, Pakistan, Bangladesh and the Philippines. Though many countries cultivate Miyazaki variety, Japanese Miyazaki has more value in the international market. The grafting technique is being used for the reproduction of the plant. Before the ripening of the fruit, each fruit will be covered in nets.
Normally, a mango costs 3500 rupees but last year two mangoes auctioned for 2.70 lakhs rupees in Japan. One of the peculiarities of the mango is that, normally, people buy them as to gift for others for their hard work or as an appreciation.