Some decades ago, to grow a cherry tree means you have to grow a full-sized and large cherry tree that will grow as much as two or three-storied buildings. If you are afraid of heights or you do not have enough space to grow such large trees in your garden, then your ambition to grow a cherry tree remains a dream. But now the situation has changed, the idea of the dwarf cherry tree has materialised. Cherry varieties such as dwarf north star and dwarf bing are examples of the dwarf cherry variety.
The new varieties grow up to 8-14 feet high, depending on the variety, and can be grown in a small garden. Normally, these varieties do not require much attention and are capable of protecting themselves against pests and diseases. Dwarf bing variety does not self-pollinate, so it is advised to plant another cherry tree near the first cherry tree to bear flowers and fruits.
Another important cherry type is meteor cherry, which is a sour but delicious fruit. It has the capability of self-pollination and gives fruit every summer. Flowers are pink and once the fruiting starts, red fruits along with the pink flowers make a wonderful treat for your eyes. The fruit is widely appreciated for its ability to fruiting all year round. It has a lifespan of 30 years.
Uses of dwarf cherry
Though the variety is dwarf, there is no much difference in terms of taste and smell compared to the normal cherry varieties. It is well-known for its direct consumption and making jam, squash, juice, jelly, pie and wine because of its sweet-sour flavour. Normally tart cherries are bright reddish and sweet cherries are deep or blackish-red.
How to plant and care for cherry trees?
All cherry varieties require sunny as well-drained soil. Water-logging has to be avoided. Air circulation is another factor to be cautious about. Some varieties are snow as well as drought-tolerant, depend on the variety. Some varieties are self-pollinating and others require another cherry tree beside them to be pollinated.
- Most of the cherry trees favour good sunlight but they will tolerate a few shades as well.
- Irrigation has to be done frequently for the newly planted seedlings. Water the plants according to the climate when it grows.
- Pruning is an important exercise to do for the plant. It has to be done at least once a year just before the winter season. Prune the plant to get enough space between branches.
- Use fertilisers twice a year. Two weeks after planting the sapling apply fertilisers for the first time. And after four weeks give one more shot. Make sure to give nitrogen-based fertilisers at first which helps the sapling to grow faster.
- Apply fertilisers or pesticides after sunset or before sunrise. Also, water the plants after applying fertilisers.
- In the colder areas, make sure to apply fertilisers before midsummer.
- In tropical or sub-tropical climate areas it is better to plant after rain season or before starting the summer season.
- Leave a space of 10 feet between dwarf variety trees. And these varieties start to flower and fruit in the second year itself.
- Dwarf varieties are possible to cultivate in pots that are filled with soil, peat moss and perlite.