Jeevamrutham or Jeevamrut is a way of caring for plants proposed by Padma Shri Subhash Palekar. His technique is known as Subhash Palekar Natural Farming (SPNF). It was known before as Zero Budget Natural Farming (ZBNF). Jeevamrutham is based on the theory that microorganisms in nature are needed for a plant to grow. It denounces the use of any chemical ingredients as pesticides or fertilisers. The method advocates that the use of chemicals in the field kills the microorganisms in the soil, making the soil live and fertile.
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How to use jeevamrutham for plants?
- The mix can be used for any plants.
- If it’s a new seedling dilute 100 ml of jeevamrutham into 1 litre of clean water.
- If it is a grown plant such as long beans or vellari (cucumber) dilute the mix into ½ litre of clean water and apply.
The mix can be used for 7 days and after 7 days the microorganisms will begin to decay. Twice in a month, one can use the mix. Do not apply the mix on dry soil as it will immediately kill the microorganisms in the mix. Water the soil before applying the mix.
Jeevamrutham is made from natural as well as easily found materials such as fresh cow dung, cow urine, jaggery, flour of any kind (such as green gram, Bengal gram, black gram), soil that is free from chemicals, clean water which is free from chlorine and other chemicals.
Why do you need to use jeevamrutham?
- This technique is cheap while chemical fertilisers are expensive.
- The materials used in jeevamrutham eco-friendly and organic. Thus, these methods do not hurt the crops as well as the soil in any way.
- Jeevamrutham used to increase the fertility of the soil by activating microorganisms in the soil.
- These methods can be used as a fertiliser as well as pesticide.