Araza boi, a native of the Amazon vegetation in Brazil, Colombia and Ecuador, is well known for its acidic nature and Vitamin contents. The fruit is an unrated fruit that is sour when it ripens turns into a yellow, golf ball in size. The fruit has certain properties that make the fruit promising for agricultural development. Eugenia stipitate is the botanical name of the fruit, which is named after Francois Eugene, an Austrian general. 

Features of Araza boi

The fruit’s outer peel is so thin that it has to be well-wrapped in boxes for export. The flesh of the fruit is very creamy and has a pleasant smell. Araza fruit weighs from 30 grams to 750 grams, depends on the variety. After the plant is planted in 2-3 years, the plant begins to bear flowers and fruits. It produces fruits, at least 4 times a year. In short, in every season the plant produces its fruit.

The plant is not vigorous and tall but grows 2.5 meters to 10 meters, depends on the variety and pruning. The stem is brown to reddish, and the leaves are elliptical to slightly oval. The dark-green coloured leaf’s size is from 3.5 cm – 9.5 cm and up to 10 leaves are there in a cluster. Before fruiting, the plant flowers and 2-5 flowers will be there in a bunch. When the fruit is ripened, pale green fruit turns yellow and bears around 12 seeds. 

Health benefits of Araza boi

  • Contains high levels of nitrogen and potassium. 
  • Proteins 8-10%, 5 – 6.5% fibre, zinc, phosphorous and magnesium.
  • Vitamin A, vitamin B1 and C (which is double that of an orange).
  • Comprises dietary fibres, amino acids and minerals. 
  • Antioxidants. 
  • Ethanolic contents that fight against cancer.

Uses of Araza boi

Araza boi can be consumed directly when it ripens, but due to its high acidic nature, it is recommended to add sugar before consuming it. The fruit is used as juices, nectars, ice creams, jellies and desserts. Knowing the special traits of the fruit, the United Kingdom as well as the United States are starting to import the fruit. The plant can be used in a pot as a bonsai tree for ornamental purposes. 

Cultivation

Unlike many other plants, araza boi prefers seed germination over budded plants. Another peculiarity of the plant is that it prefers shade. It shows a high germination rate when the fruit is completely matures. Once the seed is sprouted, dig a hole that is 90 centimetres in length, width and depth. After placing the plant in the hole, a mixture of soil and a half kilogram of manure. 

It is recommended to remove weeds every month and apply manure as fertilisers. The plant prefers organic fertilisers over chemical fertilisers. 

Pests and other diseases

Because of the pleasant odour, the fruit attracts fruit flies. Use of neem oil emulsion can be done to overcome this issue. The fungal attack is another concern and with the use of neem oil emulsion, it can be stopped to a certain level. 

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